Reporting a Looking at Extra Cards penalty

Today we would like to focus on the purpose of writing comments for penalties resulting from Looking at Extra Cards (LEC). All LEC infractions are very similar: A player saw a card he should not have seen If the card was unknown, it will be shuffled back into the random portion of the deck.   However, the impact of the infraction on the game can greatly vary. Let’s take two currently classic examples: The turn before, Nicholas killed Andy’s . No player even notices Andy

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Game Play Error — Failure to Reveal

Note: This article is slightly outdated as the corresponding section of the MIPG has since been merged with Game Rule Violation. However, the philosophy described in there is still valid. Magic: the Gathering is a game of hidden information. Failure to Reveal (FtR) is the infraction that enforces playing correctly with hidden information. Failure to Reveal is one of the least well understood penalties in the entire Magic Infraction and Procedure Guide (MIPG). Difficulties arise in part because

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Game Play Error — Game Rule Violation

Game Rule Violations (GRV) are the most common infractions players can commit. Their impact on the game varies can be none but can also drastically change the course of the game. Why does the infraction work the way it does? How should a judge deal with it? brings us to the depths of this pretty large infraction.What is a Game Rule Violation?DefinitionIt is easiest to define this infraction by outlining what it isn't. While most infractions can be recognised by certain specific characteristics, this

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Game Play Error — Improper Drawing at Start of Game

Drawing an incorrect number of cards when taking one's initial hand happens fairly often. goes in details through this infraction to make its subtleties easier to understand.Please take a look at the rule.First of all we have to separate this infraction into two types of cases. Either a player has drawn more cards than he was supposed to or he did draw too few.Drawing too fewThe latter is a case that is fairly easy to solve. There is nearly no reason why one would want to draw too few cards. Not

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